Direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians began on July 29, 2013, following an attempt by US Secretary of State John Kerry to revive the peace process. The Six Day War: 40 Years On – On the 40th anniversary of the 1967 war, NPR examined its permanent legacy – the ongoing struggle for East Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank. The Green Line. It is the dividing line that, more than 60 years ago, formed the de facto border between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbors – Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Egypt – all then enemies of the Jewish state. At one point in the mid-1970s, the concept of the peace process was widely used to describe U.S.-led efforts to achieve a negotiated peace between Israel and its neighbors. The phrase remained stuck, and since then it has been synonymous with a gradual and gradual approach to resolving one of the most difficult conflicts in the world. Since 1967, the center of gravity in Washington has been relocated from the spelling of the ingredients of “peace” to the “process” to get there. . Much of American constitutional theory focuses on how to solve problems — the process — not the substance — what should be done. . The United States has provided both a sense of direction and a mechanism. That is what the peace process was all about.
In the worst case, it was little more than a slogan used to mask the mark of time.  Regular meetings were held between Olmert and Abbas, during which their teams exchanged cards for possible border solutions, but could not reach an agreement. M. Olmert said his offer was the most generous ever made to the Palestinians — international monitoring of Jerusalem`s holy sites, the symbolic return of a few thousand Palestinian refugees and, according to some reports, Israel`s withdrawal of 93.7 percent from the West Bank and the equivalent of 5.8 percent of its land area in a land swap. Abbas`s team said it had drawn up a map that offered israelis to keep 1.9 percent of the West Bank in exchange for land in Israel. Palestinians have different views and perceptions of the peace process. An important starting point for understanding these views is the awareness of the different objectives pursued by supporters of the Palestinian cause. Israeli academic Ilan Pappe argues that, from a Palestinian perspective, the cause of the conflict dates back to 1948 with the creation of Israel (not Israel`s view that 1967 is the crucial point and that the return of the occupied territories is essential to peace negotiations) and that the conflict was a struggle to bring refugees into a Palestinian state.  Therefore, for some, this was the ultimate goal of the peace process, and for groups like Hamas, it still is.